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The moth is an insect that belongs to the order of Lepidoptera and it’s close to butterfly. Moths hold the majority of this order, worldwide there are approximately 160,000 species (almost ten times more than the number of species of butterflies). Most of the moths are nocturnal species.

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The most common species of moths, are: grain moth (Ephestia elutella), exotic fruit moth (Ephestia Cautella), gray flour moth (Ephestia kuehniella), Moth Indian meal (plod interpunctella), moth rice (Corcyra Cephalon), Moth seeds (moth brown house - Hofmannophila pseudospretella), Moth domestic head white (Endrosis sarcitrella), clothes moth (Tineola bisselliella) .


  • Elongated body and wings shorter than butterflies.

  • Adult males have an average length between 6 and 10 mm, and females between 7 to 13 mm.

  • Various shades of colors, depending on the species: brown, cream, reddish-brown, brown (basic color is brown).

  • The moths have anterior and posterior wings, divided into six separate segments. At some species of moths, females do not fly because they have wings either too small or they don’t have wings at all.

  • Certain species of moth, especially those who live on different islands have wings so small that they can not fly and must jump to move.

  • After mating, the female lays hundreds of eggs in a safe place. Then, follows the egg - larva - nymph – adult curs. Eggs hatch in 14 days and pass to the stage of larva, larva that develops in stages (about 1 month). Larvas have, generally, 8 pairs of states. After the larva stage, the insect stops eating and is looking for a place to fit (in the surrounding vegetation). It gets an oval shape and, during nymph, it doesn’t move not feed. If it passes all these stages, after 2 weeks in the nymph stage, it turns into an adult.

  • Herbivorous insect. Food is composed of different species of dicotyledonous, almost all fruits, ornamentals plants, vegetables etc. Another food source are the natural fibers, especially wool, which are found in clothing or decorative objects.


Larva shaped moth is causing significant damage to leaves and fruit. The larvas can also cause damage to stored products, because they feed with or contaminate them with excrement or silk cloth. The sails of the larvas reach dimensions which can sometimes cause problems in different areas such as dried fruit industry, bakery industry, warehouses or stores. Different species contaminate cereals, fruits, nuts, shelled, fish, spices or tobacco. Clothes moth is attracted to animal products such as fur, leather or wool. In this case, moth fibers tear and destroy more material than you consume.

Did you know...

  • The biggest moth has a wingspan of 300 mm, over 100 times the size of the smallest moths ring, whose scope is less than 3 mm?

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