The migration process is a long one and with significant losses, because of the exhaustion and lack of food resources, especially over the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert.
Black plumage with metallic reflections on the back, wings, head and neck, rusty chin and white ventral side.
Both males and females have the same coloring, the only difference between them beeing the longer tail of the male.
Long V shaped tail.
Short flat beak, with a wide opening.
Length: up to 20 cm.
Weight: about 25 grams.
Long thin wings.
Wingspan: between 32 and 34 cm.
Aerodynamic shape, small round head.
Perfect flyer, the swallow can reach speeds up to 160 km/h.
The swallow nests only in towns, in nests built of soil, strows and saliva.
The swallow chooses to nest in open areas, giving it long corridors to fly.
The swallow chooses nesting areas depending on the variety and abundance of insects.
Diet: exclusively insectivore bird. The swallow hunts insects in flight and it drinks water in a planar movement, grazing the surface of the water. The food consists of flies, grasshoppers, locuts, crickets, dragonflies, plant lices, butterflies.
Swallows are heralds of spring and the symbol of migratory birds?
They say the houses where the swallows build their nests will be safe from natural disasters?
Some specimens, usually males, do not find a pair and thus, they join another pair, helping to build and defend their nest? Sometimes, this male is mating that female and even kills the chickens of the pair, to increase its chances of mating the female.