This is the domesticated form for the wild pigeon and can be often seen near human settlements, both in villages and big cities.
Its plumage is relatively variable: gray-purple head and neck, gray wings. When in rest position, dark stripes apear.
Aerodinamic body shape, like a drop of water.
Small, round and mobile head. The beak is composed of elongated maxilaries, toothless and covered with horny material.
Its legs are red.
Pigeons have thin bones, filled with air (pneumatic bones).
Pigeons breathe through lungs, wich are connected to 9 air sacs, from which start ramifications that reach the bones.
Lenght: about 33 cm.
Wingspan: about 63 – 70 cm.
Weight: 330 grams.
Diet: the domestic pigeon feeds with seeds, sometimes with bakery products (bread). Their diet includes pebbles, sand, coal, worms and plants.
Pigeons are annoying and disturbing birds. They peck pieces of masonry and thin plasterb, because they need the substances that cand only be found in the grains of sand.
Their droppings contaminate the air, because of the heavy smell. Also, cleaning costs, especially when it comes to large buildings, are considerable. The substances from pigeons droppings, such as nitric acid, can damage the buildings (stone, sand, tiles, layers of copper, aluminum and zinc).
The pigeons transmit pasasites, such as ticks, mites, lices etc.
Also, their nests are full of other harmful organisms and there are the ideal conditions for the development of these organisms which can spread easily from the nests into people’s homes.
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